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About low back pain

In today’s hectic life people hardly get time to sit and relax. Everybody is seen chasing one goal to another. In this process, one thing that directly gets affected is the body. Without a systematic lifestyle and lack of routine exercises, the body becomes the victim of all the unnecessary stress that we put it into.

Soon the body starts showing some visible symptoms such as poor eyesight, diabetes, obesity and the most common one Lower Back Pains. These ailments are now no more related to Age, in fact, it can be crossed the boundaries of age and is engulfing people from all age group.

Lower Back pain is basically any pain that causes discomfort and is spread across the bottom region of the spine. The upper part of the body weight is purely supported by this bottom region of the body. To add further this type of back pain is a widespread affecting over 80 % of adults. This pain is mostly related to the lifestyle practices that one follows and one of the major cause of job- related disability.

Causes of low back pain

Now, what are the key causes of Lower Back Pain?

There are some warning symptoms that start alerting the body that its time to take control of the Lower back Pain. The person should pay heed to these symptoms and starts observing the activities or situations that trigger that irritation. Doing this will not only help the person but also the doctor to identify the real causes and severity of the Lower back pain. So, the most common symptoms that factor in contributing to lower back pain are:

  1. Stressed Ligaments or Muscle Tissues

By lifting improper heavy objects affects the posture of the body by twisting the back or results in overstretching of the ligaments and muscular tissues. Though they might sound as minor injuries but has a debilitating and prolonged effect if proper care is not taken at the right time.

  1. Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is the result of narrowing of the spinal column. This happens due to abnormal or sudden pressure put on the spinal cord and nerves. The general outcome is the numbness, leg weakness, pain and sensory loss. This can result into serious aliment of ignored.

  1. Skeletal Dislocation

Sometimes there are some structure irregularities in the body by birth. These congenital differences of the spine can also cause lower back pain as they are not able to balance the body weight is a uniform way.

  1. Ruptured Discs

If there is a herniated or ruptured disc in the lumbar region, a liquid-like layer percolates through the tough casing due to some crack or infirmity.

When a disc in the lumbar region becomes ruptured in its inner layer a liquid-like substance seeps through its hard casing. As this extra matter seeps into the affected the nerve gets pinched resulting in excruciation pain.

  1. Infection

Sometimes the Lower back pain is the direct result of infections due to bacteria, fungi and other germs that are widespread to the bone from infected skin, muscles or tendons. They can affect the vertebrae, intervertebral discs or sacroiliac joints.

  1. Accidents

Lower back pain can be due to any Traumatic Injury due to Car accidents, falls and other dramatic incidents that cause vertebral fractures, herniated discs and nerve damage. Sometimes despite a proper treatment lower back pain may persist even when the other injuries are healed.

  1. Sciatica

These days Sciatica is becoming a common complaint from people suffering from lower back pain. It causes sharp pain and a burning lower back pain that spread across buttocks and down on one leg. At the time also reaching down to the foot. This happens when the sciatic nerve is compressed, and the nerve signals are interrupted.

  1. Osteoporosis, Arthritis

Osteoporosis is the condition when bones are a very brittle and fragile and they become more prone to inefficient weight distribution causing lower back pains. A stubborn low back pain is experienced due to Inflammatory diseases like arthritis and spondylitis, an irritation of the vertebrae.

Symptoms of low back pain

Multiple factors can contribute to the damage of the complex system of spinal muscles, bones, discs and tendons close to the lumbar spine region. The first attempt to identify the source of pain is paying a close watch to any irregular or unique symptoms. The most common complications that can be linked to lower back pain are:

  • Stiffness and difficulty moving
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Tingling or “pins-and-needles” sensations
  • Numbness or weakness
  • Achy, dull pain
  • Muscle spasms
  • Local soreness upon touch
  • Pain that moves down one leg or to the groin, buttock or upper thigh

How physiotherapy can help in curing low back pain?

Physiotherapists are medical experts that are skilled in assessing, diagnosing and intervening without the use of diagnostic imaging. Back pain shows itself in multiple ways. This pain is mostly experienced in the lower back (above your tailbone) and buttocks.

This pain spread across the back as well as down the leg or foot. Its presence can also be felt in the form of numbness and/or tingling and is usually the result of nerves being irritated.

Referred pain

Sometimes, symptoms can occur in the leg, without being felt in the back. This is called Referred pain More often than not, back pain results from lifestyle factors, such as sitting too much, being in poor physical condition, and bending and lifting improperly.

An early treatment is a key to decreasing your pain and getting back to full activity. Treatment that focuses on exercise, mechanics and posture improves symptoms quickly and reduces your chance of recurrence. A physiotherapist can design the nature of the treatmentbased on the kind of problem, with the help of thorough examination while understanding the potential causes of the low back pain. The immediate advantage is that if a person seeks out a physiotherapist immediately after getting back pain, treatment is extremely effective. The longer symptoms linger, the harder it becomes to treat.  Staying active is important, and bed rest should be avoided.

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