What is orthotics?
Orthotics is the application of an external device to facilitate structural and functional characteristics. It is a form of external support provided to an injured part to function normally. Orthotics are suggested by doctors to treat legs, feet and back problems. Most of the times custom made orthotics are preferred over prefabricated ones. Foot orthoses can be fitted with orthopedic footwear to prevent foot ulcers. Orthotics are suggested to people with:
- Structural deformities
- A person with an injury to prevent further injuries
- Correct the shape or function of a particular organ
- Heel pain treatment
- Plantar fasciitis: It is the inflammation of the tissues connecting the heel bone to the toes. Orthotics is suggested to support the heel and feet.
- Arthritis: Arthritis can cause discomfort in the feet. Orthotics help in correcting the position and supporting it.
- Orthotics for flat foot: flat feet can cause back pain, ankle and leg pain. Orthotics can help in better positioning and reduction of pain.
Orthotics are highly customized shoe or heel inserts made for one’s feet. Orthotics are usually considered the last resort option when exercise, treatments and other methods of improving a patient’s conditions have failed. There are various types of orthotics like cervical, knee, ankle, hips and others. This help corrects the deformities or improves the condition of that particular body part.
The normal inserts that you buy without prescription of a podiatrist can provide you arch support and cushioning effect but they are not custom made for you. However, the shoe insert orthotics are specifically made for you. They reduce pain in case of plantar fasciitis or diabetic ulcers supports walking in case of flat foot. Shoe insert orthotics, unlike inserts, are specifically designed to fix feet problems.
There are two main types of shoe-insert orthotics:
Rigid orthotics or functional orthotics are made of plastic or fiber. This help in reducing the pain in legs, thighs, and heels.
Soft orthotics or accommodative orthotics provide cushioning support to remove discomfort due to sore spots from plantar fasciitis or diabetic ulcers.
It is important to select your shoe orthotics properly to avoid any further discomfort. Reputed and experienced podiatrists usually recommend completely different shoe orthotics depending upon the 3d image and the movement of your lower limbs.
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